The properties of honey and its use as a dietary supplement in cycling

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or multiflower honey, when the nectar collected by bees coming from different botanical species. The nectar collected characterizes subsequent organoleptic properties of honey and its colour. To obtain a particular type of honey is determined the area where the hive and the flowering period. A second crop of nectar, honey changes its colour from pale yellow to dark brown, so it can also vary greatly in its composition. On average, honey is composed of simple sugars, minerals (calcium, magnesium, potassium, copper, phosphorus, silicon, manganese, iron), vitamins (all B vitamins), proteins, enzymes, herbs and flowers. One hundred grams of honey contains about 300 kcal, a negligible amount of protein (0.3 grams) and fat, and have about 80 grams of carbohydrates, 3 grams of sucrose and about 36 grams of fructose and 36 grams of glucose. It has a glycemic index varies widely, depending on botanical origin of honey, those high in fructose such as honey of acacia or chestnut have very low glycemic index, similar to that of fructose, glucose and other honeys have indices similar to sucrose. The honey, after its extraction, is filtered and left to settle; is thus obtained a natural product to 100%. The process of crystallization of honey is a natural process of hardening of the same which shows that we are dealing with a completely natural honey. The honey most widespread on the market, however, is the honey pasteurized, that allows to have a liquid honey and easily preservable. In market there are different types of honey, in addition to crafts, there are industrial ones, pure or mixed with other honeys of different nationalities. The best honey, are those from biology agriculture, we can ensure the absence of dyes, preservatives, antimicrobials, allergens, GMOs, pesticides, antibiotics and sulfonamides, all substances used to increase honey production in an artificial way. The high digestibility and assimilation of honey makes it a valuable food in integrating food sports. In fact the content of simple sugars allows the body immediately available energy, by the action of sucrose and glucose, (for a few seconds) and available for a longer time by the action of fructose, (some minutes). The fact of being able to find honey in liquid form allows to swallow it easily and to be immediately available as energy for the body.

With +Watt we tested the effectiveness of the product "Miele", doing different considerations on the use of honey as a food supplement in cycling.

First, honey is liquid, but tends to crystallize at low temperatures in summer there are problems, but in winter it is difficult to be very compact with a consistency of honey, this does not affect the quality or effectiveness, but the speed of ingestion. Under conditions of mild temperature (spring), there is no problem. The assimilation is very quick and noticeable, allowing you to have a readily available energy. For more of a liquid carbohydrate supplement, just slower to assimilate the total product. On the other hand there is a greater supply of energy, immediately usable, which is associated with a discrete length of the available energy to the body (we estimated a 15-minute intensive physical performance). Compared to the classical energy bar energy intake is less, but more quickly assimilated. At a time when we need an adequate supply of energy available in the short and very short time, we can not achieve this goal with an energy drink, energy bar with its fruit. The solution, therefore, may be that of honey, which can be a viable alternative to other similar supplements (liquid carbs for example). In this case the advantage of the honey is the fact of being a natural product and absolutely tolerable by all, without any contra-indication. Obviously some do not 'be seen as a substitute for other forms of power (energy bars, liquid supplements, etc.), but a complement thereof. Its effectiveness is certain and is very useful, for example, at the beginning of a climb, where it provides the immediate energy needed to deal with the path, or in the presence of a low blood sugar, which allows a rapid reinstatement. Moreover, its use is perfect as a supplement after the race, when it allows a first and immediate reconstruction of energy reserves. Overall, therefore, a good product. You can find a practical single-dose packs cost about 1.5 Euro.

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